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雅思口语Part 3答题技巧

2021-12-02 供稿单位: 易世教育 原创作者:Ivy

         一)题目的性质从原来较为生活化的Part 1和Part 2转化为Part3中带有强烈学术意味的考题。比如How does scientific research benefitspace, medical, environmental and information technologies? 该题问科学研究给现代技术带来怎样的好处。


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         二) 很多考题不再注重具体的细节描述或陈述,而转向考察考生的抽象思维能力。比如Does money bring people more happiness or make them less secure? 该题问钱会给人带来幸福,还是使人更不安全。

         三)有相当数量的题目会让考生去对某个话题进行评估(Assessment),特别是利弊方面的评估;还有些考题让你对未来进行猜测(Speculation),让你说10年或20年之后某事物将会怎么样。比如In your opinion, what languages will become morepopular in the future? 该题要你猜测将来什么语言会变得流行起来。当然,你还必须说明理由。

        总的来说,Part 3已经超越了日常生活层面,进入到人的深层思维体系之中。它着重的是四样东西:world views(世界观),beliefsystems(信仰体系),values(价值观),attitudes(态度)。要把这些东西说好,除了平时的语言功底和随机应变的能力以外,考生还需要具备一些人文方面的素养。 
  虽然Part 3的问题错综复杂,但根据笔者的教学及实战经验,我们完全可以把所有Part 3的考题分为以下的九个大类,每一大类都含有若干典型的问话套路:

 一)阐述原因(Giving reasons)
  Why do you think …?
  Why is it important to do…
  Do you think …? Why (not)?
  Is it a good idea to (do…)? Why (not)?

  二)预测未来(Providing speculations)
  How do you see … changingin the future?
  Do you think that in thefuture people will …?
  What do you think willhappen to … in the future?
  In your opinion,which/what … will become more … in the future?

  三)描述侧面(Describing various aspects)
  In what ways …?
  What kind/sort/type of …?
  How important is it for …to (do …)?
  How has … changed (in yourcountry) in the last … years?

  四)维护立场(Defending your choice)
  Is it better to (do …) or(do …)?
  Should people always … oris it a good idea sometimes to (do …)?
  Which is more important toyou: … or …?
  Which do people in yourcountry prefer: … or …?

  五)利用常识(Using your common sense)
  Any yes-no question thatinvolves a clearly positive or negative answer
  Any question that asks youabout the roles, responsibilities and general qualities of a social group
  Any question that asks youabout common knowledge, everyday experience and traditional culture
 
  六)提供方案(Offering solutions)
  What can … do to (do …)?
  What can be done to (do…)?
  What do you think is thebest way for … to (do …)?
  Are there other wayspeople can …, apart from …? How?

  七)因果关联(Connecting causes with effects)
  What effect has … had on…?
  How has … affected …?
  Are there any negativeeffects of … doing …? What are they?
  What do you think causes …to …?

  八)对比异同(Comparing similarities and differences)
  How does … compare with …?
  How do you compare … with…?
  Do you think … wasdifferent for your grandparents?
  What are similarities anddifferences between … and …?

  九)陈述利弊(Illustrating advantages and disadvantages)
  What are the advantages anddisadvantages of …?
  What are the differentadvantages of … and …?
  What do you think theirdisadvantages are?
  How do people in yourcountry feel about (a controversial issue)?

  从《剑桥雅思》的口语出题风格来看,一般一套口语题的Part3部分会有6道问题,这一点大家可以参阅《剑一》到《剑七》的真题。下面的这套题从place到travel/tourism再到old buildings/historic buildings,提出了一系列问题:
  Why do you think peoplelike to travel to different places?
  → 第一类:阐述原因(Giving reasons)
  How do you see tourismchanging in your country in the future?
  → 第二类:预测未来(Providing speculations)
  Why is it important toprotect the countryside?
  → 第一类:阐述原因(Giving reasons)本文
  In what ways is thecountryside in danger in your country?
  → 第三类:描述侧面(Describing various aspects)
  Why are historic buildingsand monuments important to a city?
  → 第一类:阐述原因(Giving reasons)
  Is it better to keep oldbuildings, or build new modern ones?
  → 第四类:维护立场(Defending your choice)

  由此可见,任何Part 3的问题都可以归入以上九大类中的某一类。在本系列的后面九讲中,针对每一类问题的特殊性,为大家一一分析破解它们的方法,也希望广大“烤鸭”们能切实利用这些方法来为自己的考场发挥添砖加瓦。

  总的来说,雅思口语考试Part 3作为考试中第三部分,也是最困难的一个部分,所以把握好总结的雅思口语考试Part 3答题技巧也就非常重要.

        【温馨提示】雅思学习是时间与精力的结合物,单词的积累、语法的掌握、解题技巧的推敲都有着专门的培训方法,同学们自我学习常常不谙其道,事倍功半。在雅思学习方面有难题同时想要真心学好雅思的同学欢迎咨询我们易世英语的老师,阵容强大的中外教师团队将竭诚为您服务!

 

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